Registered: 6 months, 3 weeks ago
How to retain local youth? Pingtung Peony deepens eco-tourism, develops under-forest economic beekeeping and grows mushrooms Tourism is the main industry of Hengchun Peninsula. Kenting, with its unique natural resources, multi-ethnic culture and tropical ocean, attracts millions of tourists every year. In recent years, driven by the efforts of the government, academic institutions and local communities, Hengchun Peninsula has achieved considerable results in the development of community eco-tourism. Communities such as Sheding, Shuiwaku, Manzhou and Port have all made word of mouth. In 2015, Mudan Township Government took eco-tourism as the industrial development plan of the whole township, and created unique tourism brands, such as the water grassland and wild ginger flower season in Dongyuan National Important Wetland, Xuhai Hot Spring near the sea, Langqiaobei Well-known attractions such as Nangudao and Gaoshi Shrine. Four of the six villages in the township promote eco-tourism. In recent years, another wave of sightseeing in Mudan Township has been created, and it is still a hot spot for tourism in Hengchun Peninsula. However, is it okay for the tribe's industrial development to rely solely on sightseeing? In response to the plight of the epidemic, how can tribal ecotourism deepen its industrial connotation? The outbreak of the COVID-19 global epidemic in 2020 has brought about drastic changes in the tourism industry. In particular, Taiwan is facing an island-wide blockade in mid-2021. For the tourism industry that relies on tourists to enter the tribe, it can be said that it has suffered an unprecedented impact. "A community tribe can't just rely on tourism." Chen Meihui, a professor of the Department of Forestry at Pingtung University of Science and Technology, has been actively promoting community ecotourism for nearly 20 years. Her team has helped Pingtung Yuanxiang tribes establish environmentally sustainable management through long-term companionship and counseling on the ground. model. But, she also sees the plight of sightseeing. Taking Mudan Township as an example, the community has developed eco-tourism for many years, but how to deepen the connotation of related industries? Chen Meihui said that ecotourism is now a way for many communities in Taiwan to attract tourists. Under this trend, besides sightseeing, what competitiveness does Mudan Township have to sustain the tribal industry? What should be done to make the youth who stay in the countryside or return to the countryside have better development possibilities? "The forest in Mudan Township is its biggest feature." The Pingke University Community Forestry Center, chaired by Chen Meihui, began to assist the Mudan Township Office to develop local livelihood creation plans last year. She pointed out that more than 90% of this land is covered with forest, and the Mudan Reservoir is built here. The township has the task of conserving water and must coexist with the forest. And such an environment also created the unique advantages of Mudan Township. Under-forest economy, an opportunity for local creation of Mudan Township Walking into Peony Township, you can see that the persimmons planted in the mountains and the mahogany forests produced by the public are the origin of the idea to describe the local creation plan. "Peony is a very pure place with good air quality." Chen Meihui said, "This forest not only has the function of healing, but also the best demonstration site for the development of forest economy and mixed forest agriculture." After thorough discussion, the Peony Township Office decided to take the under-forest economy as the main axis of local creation, and through the guidance and assistance of the Pingda University Community Forestry Center, develop three deep-rooted tribes, including under-forest beekeeping, mushroom cultivation, and forest animal husbandry. Distinctive business projects. The plan was supported by the National Science Council and the Forest Service last year, becoming the first batch of townships to approve local livelihood creation plans. Different from many current creative models that use marketing and innovation to package local characteristics and promote the development of remote villages, Mudan Township's promotion direction is very different, and it is instead moving towards the first level of agricultural production. Chen Meihui explained, "Don't underestimate the industries of chicken farming, beekeeping, and shiitake mushrooms. In fact, they all have considerable technical barriers. After more than a year of promotion, we have spent the most time on getting community partners' technologies to take root." Deepen the industry and move towards more diversified development. Forest beekeeping is of high value, but there are considerable technical barriers Taking under-forest beekeeping as an example, the Gaoshi tribe in Mudan Township stocked more than 10 beehives. The forest is full of diverse plants, such as Rochesteria chinensis, Pujiang (Vitex chinensis), and mountain hibiscus that bloom in the valley in winter. honey source. However, after the tribe invested, they found that beekeeping technology and knowledge have a threshold. Li Zhiyang, a tribal youth who has been keeping bees for more than half a year, said, "Beekeeping needs to be very focused, and a lot of knowledge needs to be learned." For example, where can there be honey in the forest? How to tidy up the beehives in accordance with the schedule of worker bees leaving early and returning late? Li Zhiyang also practiced a skill to deal with hornet bees that come to eat bees, so as to minimize the loss of bees. A variety of wood, cultivate good strains, grow good shiitake mushrooms in the forest In addition, the revival of Duanmu shiitake mushroom industry in Mudan Township is also a great opportunity for creation. In the past, the Gaoshi tribe used the local natural environment and natural resources to grow high-quality shiitake mushrooms, and the industry flourished. But later, with the policy of banning forest logging and the weakening of the cultivation technology of the tribe, the industry is no longer competitive and there is a lack of investment. Pingke took a big inventory of the problems and available resources faced by the tribe's Duanmu mushroom industry, and assisted the Gaoshi tribe to regain their past advantages on the existing basis, and cooperated with the tribe to establish the first community-based Duanmu mushroom strain center in the country. Zhang Meihui, who cares about the traditional culture of the tribe, studies the characteristics of various woods and finds out the mushroom planting technology. Blooming natural wood shiitake mushrooms with delicious, good texture grow. Multi-ecological value from under-forest economy to agroforestry Chen Meihui believes that once the basic technology of understory economy is established, it will further drive the development of secondary and tertiary industries. For under-forest beekeeping, in addition to honey, beeswax and royal jelly are products that can be harvested throughout the year. Ping University of Science and Technology also assisted the tribe in designing beeswax DIY activities for tourists to experience, combining forest beekeeping with tourism itineraries; and a small trip from the place of origin to the dining table, which even took tourists to Duanmu shiitake mushroom cultivation field to experience picking shiitake mushrooms under the forest, and then to the tribal farmhouse Taste fresh mushroom dishes combined with local ingredients. She further pointed out that today's agricultural production is too intensive and single, which is not conducive to the sustainability of the land and ecology. The under-forest economy takes both ecology and production into account. In fact, in addition to the combination of mountain and forest agriculture, mixed agroforestry and mixed animal husbandry forestry can also be promoted in flat land. Planting forests on agricultural and pastoral land allows farmers to harvest fruits, and livestock excrement can irrigate trees to achieve the recycling of agricultural land resources. Ecologically diverse agricultural land can provide a more friendly and comfortable agricultural and pastoral environment.
Topics Started: 0
Replies Created: 0
Forum Role: Participant